Route: THE AGE OF THE GREAT MASTERS. ROME AND THE RENAISSANCE
Piazza di S. Pietro in Montorio, 2…
You are along the route: THE PATRONS OF ROME. HISTORY OF PETER AND PAUL
Piazza di S. Pietro in Montorio, 2
Basilica: every day; Monday-Friday 8:30-12:00 and 15:00-16:00; Saturday-Sunday 8:30-12:00. Free entry.
Tempietto: every day except Monday 10:00-18:00 (entrance from the Spanish Academy). Free entry. Always visible from the cloister in the Basilica.
The church was built in the Middle Ages on the site where, according to an alternative tradition, St. Peter was crucified, head down at his own request, not considering himself worthy to die in the same manner as Christ; actually, the apostle found his martyrdom at the foot of the Vatican hill where the Basilica of St. Peter stands today. Here Bramante created his famous architectural jewel: the circular temple built in the early sixteenth century in the atrium next to the church. At the centre of the crypt, a hole in the floor on the exact spot where the inverted cross is believed to have been placed is clearly visible in the floor. The name derives from Mons Montorio aureus (golden mountain), the name given to Janiculum hill on which the church stands because of the colour of the rock (marl yellow).
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