Route: TRAVELLING TOWARDS ROME. IN THE FOOTSTEPS OF ST. PAUL
Via Appia Antica, 161 www.archeoroma.beniculturali.it Always visible…
You are along the route: THE PATRONS OF ROME. HISTORY OF PETER AND PAUL
Via Appia Antica, 161
Always visible on the outside. Open for visits every day. From the last Sunday of October to February 15th 9:00-16:30; from February 16th to March 15th 9:00-17:00; from March 16th to the last Saturday of March 9:00-17:30; from the last Sunday of March to August 31st 9:00-19:30; from September 1st to September 30th 9:00-19:00; from October 1st to the last Saturday of October 9:00-18:30. The ticket office closes one hour before closing time. Closed on 1st January, 1st May, and 25th December. Admission fee.
Symbol of the ancient Appian Way and built in 30-20 BC, this monumental tomb was built for a Roman noblewoman who, according to the inscription which is still legible, was the daughter of the consul Quintus Caecilius Metellus, conqueror of Crete. The monument consists of a square base and a large drum-shaped tower, crowned by a relief with a trophy of weapons and a barbarian prisoner. The monument was topped with a large, vegetation-covered mound of earth, which no longer exists.
Through the intermediary of Pope Benedict Caetani Boniface VIII, who in 1300 proclaimed the first Jubilee, between 1302 and 1303 Francesco Caetani ordered the construction of a fortified village (castrum) straddling the Via Appia, defended by walls and comprising a stately building, a church dedicated to St. Nicholas and a number of residential buildings. The new buildings rested on the ancient Mausoleum, which was elevated and equipped with a battlement, turning it into the main tower of the castle.
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