Route: THE AGE OF THE GREAT MASTERS. ROME AND THE RENAISSANCE
Michelangelo, Tomba di Giulio II Piazza di…
You are along the route: THE PATRONS OF ROME. HISTORY OF PETER AND PAUL
Piazza di San Pietro in Vincoli, 4a
Every day 8:00-12:30 and 15:00-18:00. Free entry.
The basilica was built in the fifth century by Eudoxia, wife of Emperor Valentinian III, to celebrate the fusion between the two chains that had bound St. Peter.
The mother of Eudoxia, during her journey to the Holy Land, received from the patriarch of Jerusalem the chain that had been used there to arrest the Saint. The Empress, in turn, gave it to Pope Leo I who placed it to compare it with the one that had imprisoned St. Peter in the Mamertine Prison in Rome; once put together, the two chains miraculously fused into one. The precious relic, still located under the main altar, is exhibited for worship by the faithful on August 1 of each year. The church was rebuilt in the eighth century AD, with later works carried out in the 1500s and in the 1700s.
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