Route: THE MAGNIFICENCE OF THE POPES. JUBILEE WORKS
Piazza di S. Giovanni in Laterano www.vatican.va…
You are along the route: IN HOC SIGNO VINCES. CONSTANTINE CHRISTIAN EMPEROR
Piazza di S. Giovanni in Laterano
Basilica: Every day 7:00-18:30. Free entry.
Cloister: Every day 9:00-18:00. Admission fee.
The basilica was founded by the Emperor Constantine in the early fourth century AD in an area previously occupied by at least two villas (I and II century AD) by the Castra nova equitum singularium, the corps of the Imperial Guard on horseback, the remains of which are illuminated beneath the church and cloister. Following the edict of 313 that made the worship of all religions, including Christianity, lawful throughout the Empire, Constantine, dissolved the Imperial Guard, which had supported his opponent Maxentius, and gave Pope Miltiades the land to build a place of worship. The Basilica was consecrated by Pope Sylvester I and dedicated to the Holy Saviour. In the ninth century it was also dedicated to St. John the Baptist, and later also associated with St. John the Evangelist. The Basilica of Constantine was, like the present building, a large rectangular hall divided into five naves by marble columns.