Route: THE AGE OF THE GREAT MASTERS. ROME AND THE RENAISSANCE
Branda Castiglioni Chapel Via Labicana, 95 www.basilicasanclemente.com…
You are along the route: CHURCHES IN TEMPLES. THE NEW FACE OF THE SACRED
Via Labicana, 95
Every day. Monday-Saturday 9:00-12:30 and 15:00-18:00. Sunday and bank holidays 12:00-18:00 December 24th and 31st: 9:30-14:00. Admission fee.
The Basilica of San Clemente hides a fascinating trail leading to a depth of 10 metres through 1000 years of history.
At the deepest level, dating back to the first century AD, there are the remains of a large building, interpreted as the imperial mint -where coins where made- and those of a wealthy household, inside which, at the end of next century, rooms connected with the worship Mithras, the oriental god worshiped in Rome from this period, had been created. In the third century, a new structure built above the mint was later turned into a Christian church and decorated with remarkable frescoes at the end of the fourth century. The present church of San Clemente was built during the pontificate of Paschal II (1099-1118), by burying this first Christian basilica and raising the land by about 4 meters. It was later restored during the papacy of Clement XI by Carlo Fontana. The architect built the modest Baroque facade using the ancient granite columns from the arcaded courtyard.
Foto ©Basilica di San Clemente