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You are along the route: EGYPT THE EMPIRE THE POPES. THE CITY OF OBELISKS
Piazza della Rotonda
The little obelisk of red granite, approximately 6 meters tall, which now stands in front of the Pantheon, was brought to Rome from Heliopolis, in Egypt, where the pharaoh Ramses II (XIII century BC) had erected it along with a twin obelisk, today at Villa Celimontana. Both were found under the church of Santa Maria Sopra Minerva, where in Roman times there had been a large sanctuary dedicated to the goddess Isis, and which, in all probability, they were intended to adorn. They were separated in the fourteenth century, when one of them was brought to Piazza San Macuto, only to be relocated in 1711, by order of Pope Clement XI, to the centre of Piazza della Rotonda, crowning the sixteenth-century fountain by Giacomo della Porta.