You are along the route: 1000 RELIGIONS IN ROME. FROM THE ANCIENT TIMES UNTIL TODAY
This itinerary has a first part which is within the vast archaeological site of Ostia Antica and a second around the streets of Rome. The Rome-Lido railway is an excellent connection between the two.
You can visit Ostia Antica every day except Monday. However, if you want to find all the places recommended in Rome open, you will have to go on a Wednesday, or divide your itinerary up over more than one day. The itinerary includes places of prayer of different religions and their opening is based on specific cultural needs. You can always consult the times when each monument is open to organise your visit as best as possible.
Rome, the city which became an Empire, was always oriented to a cosmopolitanism without frontiers, due to its natural vocation. During the numerous conquests which rapidly followed one another over the centuries, it came into contact with many different religions, populated by foreign divinities. The new cults were often somehow incorporated, uniformed, in the great cauldron of State religion; relations were sometimes controversial or markedly hostile. In any event, many places in Rome and the surrounding areas still have obvious traces of people of different religions living together peacefully. For example, the very ancient presence of Jewish synagogues was associated in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD to the mysterious underground places of the cult of Mithra, the god who killed the bull, while the earliest Christian religious places were rapidly taking shape.
Modern Rome is actually not very different to Ancient Rome. Like a mirror, it has always reflected the same openness towards religious sharing. While the centuries old Jewish presence is not consolidated in the heart of the city, there is now a need to provide places of worship and prayer to the new foreign communities as well, which are increasingly more present and numerous, just like in the Ancient Empire. This is the same cosmopolitan spirit in which the mosque was built. The religious and cultural landscape of the city is thus coloured like a precious mosaic expressing in its different facets the beauty and richness of diversity.