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Orthodox Church of San Teodoro in Palatino

You are along the route: 1000 RELIGIONS IN ROME. FROM THE ANCIENT TIMES UNTIL TODAY

San Teodoro in Palatino_1
Via di San Teodoro, 7
www.ortodossia.it
Every day except Saturday. 9:30-12:30. Free entry.

The Orthodox Church is the witness of Christianity inside the Byzantine Empire, where the capital, Constantinople, became the most important patriarchate of the Oriental side, after the fall of Antioquia (in Syria) and Alexandria (in Egypt) under the Arab domination. In 1054 the great split took place: Pope Leo IX and the Patriarch of Constantinople Michael Celularius excommunicated each other. In this way the Orthodox Church was established, which does not recognize the authority of the Pope as unique vicar and infallible authority, but that recognizes the Patriarch of Constantinople as first among the peers.

During the VI century in Rome in this place at the feet of the Palatine hill, probably by re-using the structures of an ancient circular temple, the small church dedicated to Saint Theodore of Amasea, a soldier of the Roman army, martyr in Orient during the Diocletian’s persecutions. The building preserved a mosaic in the apsis that is contemporary to the first foundation: Christ is on a globe, together with Peter and Paul and with the two Martyrs, Theodore (added during the restoration by Pope Nicolas V for the Jubilee of year 1450) and maybe Cleonicus.
In 2004 Pope John Paul II provided the use of the Church to the Patriarch of Constantinople and to the Greek-Orthodox community of Rome.

How to get the step: Orthodox Church of San Teodoro in Palatino

Via di S. Teodoro, 7, 00186 Roma, Italy

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