JUBILEE CULTURAL ROUTES

Colonnade of St. Peter’s Square

You are along the route: THE ETERNAL CHALLENGE. BERNINI VERSUS BORROMINI

5.0.2

Piazza San Pietro
www.vaticanstate.va
Always visible.

Foto ©Fabbrica di San Pietro in Vaticano

Bernini designed this monument to Christianity, as he himself said, with the idea of embracing visitors in “the maternal arms of Mother Church” The undertaking had been commissioned by Pope Alexander VII in anticipation of the Jubilee of 1675 and built between 1656 and 1667. The project meets both the need to create a symbolic and monumental space appropriate to the community of the faithful and also to correct the prospective of the excessive horizontalness of the facade of the Basilica. The result is a 240 metre wide ellipse, connected to the church by two converging arms that border the trapezoid church square. 284 Doric columns, arranged in 4 rows, make up the hemicycle sides. Precise geometric calculations render the whole colonnade graceful and dynamic with the alternate full and empty spaces. 140 statues of saints crown the entablature.

Foto ©Fabbrica di San Pietro in Vaticano


How to get the step: Colonnade of St. Peter’s Square

Roma S.Pietro, 00165 Roma, Italy

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