Route: THE AGE OF CONTRASTS. TRIUMPH AND HUMILTY
Via del Governo Vecchio, 134 www.vallicella.org www.libertaciviliimmigrazione.interno.it…
You are along the route: COMMITMENT AND HOLINESS. IGNATIUS OF LOYOLA AND FILIPPO NERI
Piazza della Chiesa Nuova
In 1551, Filippo Neri founded the Congregation of the Oratory, which Pope Gregory XIII in 1575 recognized by the allocation of the old church, which was by now in poor condition. The architect. Matteo di Città di Castello, was commissioned to build a “new church”. The ceiling fresco by Pietro da Cortona (1647-1666) depicts the Madonna and St. Philip Neri and refers to the vision of 1576 when Our Lady, supporting a beam above the crumbling chapel where the miraculous image of the “Madonna Vallicelliana” was kept, appeared to Philip. To the left of the presbytery, the chapel dedicated to St. Philip has paintings depicting scenes from the life of the Saint by Pomarancio. The remains of Philip have been venerated here since 1602.
Foto Archivio Fotografico F.E.C.
Piazza della Chiesa Nuova, 18
Always visible on the outside. Biblioteca Vallicelliana: Salone Borromini visible upon direct request to the keeper every day except Saturday 10:00-13:00; group visits by reservation only.
The need for Christian training and the growth of the Congregation called for the building of a number of additional facilities for the church – a chapel, a refectory, a sacristy, a convent and a library. It was here Filippo Neri instituted musical performances, which took the name of oratorios. Today the Oratory is home to the Historical Archive of the Capitol, the Roman Society of National History, the Vallicelliana Library, the House of Literature and various cultural societies.
The creation of the Library was closely linked to the figure of Filippo Neri. The Oratorians paid particular attention to books and in the Rules of the Oratory, meals had to be accompanied by reading and the discussion of a religious text. The library was initially the collection of works owned by Filippo but as the Order grew and space was acquired for the collection, in constant growth thanks to numerous bequests, the library building came to be what we see today.
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