You are along the route: THE WALLS OF ROME. PROSPECTS OF THE ETERNAL CITY
You can choose any day of the week to enjoy all the places on the itinerary, except for Monday, when the Museo delle Mura and the Museum in Via Ostiense are both closed; these are inside two monumental gates on the route.
If you visit the Museo delle Mura and then continue along a long section of the wall-walk, you will be able enjoy an unusual view of the city on one side and a view of the countryside crossed by the ancient Via Appia on the other.
The itinerary takes in the most impressive and best preserved sections of the Aurelian Walls. A 12 km route which will allow a certain vigour to be restored to the identity of the ancient city as an urban settlement defined by its fortified walls, allowing you to appreciate the imposing defensive structure and at the same time enjoy the majestic beauty of its gates.
Built in 4 years, from 271 to 175 AD, by the Emperor Aurelian, the Walls are the longest (19 km) and best preserved ancient urban walls in the world. Still considered to be an important strategic structure during the Middle Ages, they were restored by the Popes who, beginning in the fifteenth century, left marks of their interventions – in the form of coats-of-arms and inscriptions – on the walls. The works of Nicholas V for the Jubilee in 1450 and Benedict XIV in the mid-eighteenth century were the most significant. The architect Virgilio Vespignani, a protagonist of the artistic and cultural scene in Rome in the years of the papacy of Pope Pius IX (1846-1878) was responsible for the restoration of certain stretches and gates of the walls. A tangible sign until the nineteenth century of the division between the urbanised city and the countryside, the Aurelian Walls are now perceived “distractedly” by the locals and in a “restrained” way by tourists, as it was in the imposing urban expansion which has characterised Rome over the last two centuries. Today, the perception of the majesty of the walls, a sign of the antiquity and greatness of the city, has been almost completely lost, which is also due to the opening of the accesses by roads that have significantly altered their configuration. The intention of this itinerary is to rediscover the walls in all their grandiosity.