JUBILEE CULTURAL ROUTES

From Porta Pinciana to Porta Salaria

You are along the route: THE WALLS OF ROME. PROSPECTS OF THE ETERNAL CITY

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The stretch of the wall between these two gates is among the most imposing and best preserved from a monumental viewpoint – the double inside tunnel is still preserved – but, after 1870, it was also affected by the urban transformations made to the city. Immediately after the inauguration of the capital city, the walls in this area were overcome by the dividing of the area of villa Ludovisi Boncompagni into lots and the expansion of the new Salario quarter. After 1896, a series of gaps had to be made in the walls in order to enable a connection to the city centre from these new quarters on the outskirts to be made. The stretches along the modern day via Piemonte, via Toscana, via Veneto, via Basilicata, via Puglie, via Abruzzi, via Marche and via Romagna were demolished. The walls, now reduced to isolated stretches, were studied by artists. The original structure was changed by the numerous restorations between 1920 and 1950. Some stretches have recently been restored and the internal walkways reopened.

Pictures by permission from Roma Capitale-Sovrintendenza Capitolina ai Beni Culturali
Further reproduction prohibited

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Piazzale Brasile
Always visible.

In 275, the Emperor Aurelian built a simple postern through which the via Salaria Vetus passed. The construction was built of bricks, was one storey tall and only had one tower. The gate was restored by Maxentius in 310 and later, 403, Honorius modified the layout, transforming the small opening in the walls into a monumental gate that was strategically vital for the defence of the city. A much wider opening than the original one was built, covered in travertine blocks, an attic was built with an upper tunnel and a chamber for manoeuvers with a portcullis, a second tower and a storm door inside were added. At this time, the towers had a first floor with small opening for archers to shoot from, a second and third floor for the ballista’s and a concrete dome as covering.

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Piazza Fiume
Always visible.

Demolished after being damaged during the fighting between the troops from Piedmont and the Papal troops in 1870, it was rebuilt by Vespignani in 1873, and definitively destroyed in 1921 for reasons of urban planning. Today, the layout of the original gate, built over the Roman stretch of the same name, is visible on the paving in piazza Fiume.

How to get the step: From Porta Pinciana to Porta Salaria

Piazzale Brasile, 00187 Roma, Italy

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