Route: THE MAGNIFICENCE OF THE POPES. JUBILEE WORKS
Passetto di Borgo Lungotevere Castello, 50 www.polomusealelazio.beniculturali.it…
You are along the route: THE AGE OF THE GREAT MASTERS. ROME AND THE RENAISSANCE
Lungotevere Castello, 50
Every day 9:00-19:30. The ticket office closes one hour before closing time. Closed on 25th December, 1st January. Admission fee.
In the Middle Ages, Castel Sant’Angelo, the ancient mausoleum of Hadrian, was used as a fortress to defend the town and the Vatican. It was in the 1400s and in the 1500s that the building took on a definitive form, with the creation of perimeter fortifications and corner bastions. At the beginning of the sixteenth century, it was fitted with apartments worthy of accommodating the pontiff (the loggia of Julius II and the chapel of Leo X) and courtyard was built within the well-defended fortress, where Clement VII took refuge during the sack of Rome in 1527. A few years later, his successor Paul III, commissioned a team of artists, led by Perin del Vaga, to decorate a new apartment. Here, the representation hall (Sala Paolina), with the story of Alexander the Great and the library with Stories of the Emperor Hadrian, is of particular note.
The Sala Paolina, representation hall of the residence of Pope Paul III Farnese, is one of the major artistic episodes of sixteenth century Rome. Perin del Vaga carried out the decoration between 1545 and 1547 with a large team of assistants. Episodes from the life of Alexander the Great appear on the ceiling and on the walls, alternating with allegorical figures of the Cardinal Virtues (Fortitude, Justice, Temperance and Prudence). Stories about St Paul are illustrated in round frames above the doors. At the centre of the short walls rise the figures of Emperor Hadrian and St. Michael the Archangel, the founder of the Roman Empire and Christian guardian of the castle respectively. The choice of Alexander the Great and St. Paul as the principal figures in the decorative complex was to celebrate the Pope by means of his first name, Alessandro (Farnese), and the he had chosen as Pope, Paul III.
Find your current position or insert your starting address